But, recent studies revealed that more stringent normal AST and ALT levels are needed. We investigated the normal range of serum AST and ALT levels of all ages in Korea. Methods: We used the data from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V, 2010–2012). The exclusion criteria were history of chronic liver disease including hepatitis B infection, hepatitis C infection, heavy alcohol drinking (>50 g/day for male and >30 g/day for female), liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, Selumetinib purchase and obesity (body mass index >25 kg/m2).
Results: A total number of 13246 (male 5495, female 7751) participants aged 10 years or older were analyzed. The overall upper limit of normal AST and ALT levels (95th percentile) were 32 IU/ml (29 IU/ml for females and 36 IU/ml for males) and 35 IU/ml (28 IU/ml for females and 41 IU/ml for males). According to the age, the average of AST and ALT levels were increased. The average of AST levels were peaked in the 7th decade and the ALT levels were in GS-1101 price the 6th decade, and since then were decreased. Conclusion: The upper limit of normal AST and ALT levels were different according to the sex
(AST/ALT, 29/28 IU/ml for females and 36/41 IU/ml for males) and age. The two factors are the points to be specially considered in making the new normal range of serum AST and ALT levels. Key Word(s): 1. alanine aminotransferase; 2. aspartate aminotransferase; 3. normal Presenting Author: CHOL KYOON CHO Additional Authors: CHOONG YOUNG KIM, EUN KYU PARK, HEE JOON KIM, HYUN JONG KIM, YANG SEOK KOH, JIN SHICK SEOUNG Corresponding Author: CHOL KYOON CHO Affiliations: Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Medical School, Saint Carollo Clomifene Hospital Objective: microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding 21–23 nucleotide RNAs that are
involved in post-transcriptional regulation and they control various cellular processes, one of which is tumorigenesis. miRNAs were reported to be implicated in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and the aim of this study is to evaluate the role of miRNAs in the development of HCC. Methods: To find yet-to-be-identified miRNAs associated with HCC tumorigenesis, we carried out miRNA microarray analysis with miRNAs extracted from normal and HCC liver tissues resected from the same patients. Of the miRNAs showing significantly different expression levels between normal and HCC liver tissues, we focused on miR-128. The difference in expression levels of miR-128 was verified by real-time PCR.