Dynamic light scattering measurements were performed using a Brookhaven ZetaPlus Nanoparticle Size Analyzer instrument (Brookhaven Instruments Corporation, Holtsville, NY, USA) equipped with a 633-nm laser. The intensity of light scattered GSK126 in vivo was monitored at a 90° angle. The XRD data was collected on a D/MAX 2500 diffractometer (Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.5406 Å; Rigaku Co., Tokyo, Japan) at 100 mA and 40 kV. The sample was scanned over a
2θ range of 10° to 90° with a step size of 0.02° 2θ and a scan rate of 1 step/s. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra were recorded on a Nicolet-560 FTIR spectrometer (Nicolet Co., Madison, WI, USA) with 20 scans and a resolution of 2 cm-1 in the range of 400 to 4,000 cm-1. Freeze drying under vacuum was applied overnight to get the very dry gold nanoparticles, and then the samples were deposited on the surface of a KBr plate. Catalytic activity of gold selleck chemical nanoparticles The catalytic activity of AuNPs was studied using sodium borohydride reduction of 4-NP as a model system. The reaction was completed in a quartz cell with a 1-cm path length. In a typical catalysis reaction, 15 μL of 10 mM 4-NP solution was mixed with 3 mL of 10 mM NaBH4 solution while stirring. Immediately after 15 μL of the prepared AuNP solution
was added to the mixture, the reaction was monitored by a UV-vis spectrophotometer. Results and discussion Selleckchem PF-562271 Synthesis of AuNPs in aqueous KGM solution The formation of gold nanoparticles by reduction of HAuCl4 with KGM was investigated by UV-vis spectra at different reaction times. As confirmed by kinetic measurement of the
spectra (Figure 2), the intensity of the absorption peak increased gradually with time and reached a maximum after 3 h which means that the reaction has reached saturation. The reaction seems to reach saturation abruptly as shown in the inset of TCL Figure 2. The possible reason is that the growth process of KGM-capped gold nanoparticles was complicated since there are various interactions occurring simultaneously. Specifically, KGM was employed both as reducing and stabilizing agent for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Figure 2 UV-vis spectra of gold nanoparticles synthesized by KGM after incubation at 50°C for different times. The final concentrations of HAuCl4 and KGM are 0.89 mM and 0.22 wt%, respectively. The inset presents the reaction kinetics for the formation of gold nanoparticles. As shown in Figure 2, all spectra exhibit an absorption peak around 522 nm with no significant peak shift, which is attributed to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of the AuNPs, indicating the formation of gold nanoparticles. During the formation of AuNPs, the color of the reaction mixture changed from colorless to light pink within approximately 0.5 h and finally to wine red after 3 h.