6% and -12 6%; 50 U/ml: -14 7% and -34 3% for F344 and Lewis, res

6% and -12.6%; 50 U/ml: -14.7% and -34.3% for F344 and Lewis, respectively; p < 0.05; Figure 3). The decrease in total cell number was concentration-dependent for cells from both rat strains (50 U/ml > 5 U/ml; p < 0.05). Figure 3 α-Amylase effects on cell growth in F344 and Lewis cells after treatment for 2 days with 5 and 50 U/ml. The mean α-amylase effect is shown as change in total cell number compared to the water-treated control cells (percent change; mean and SEM).

Results from four to five different experiments were summarized and evaluated together for F344 and Lewis cells (n = 29-35 wells per group). Numbers of cells were significantly decreased after α-amylase treatment (50 U/ml) indicating antiproliferative effects. Lewis cells were significantly more sensitive towards α-amylase than F344 following incubation with both 5 U/ml and 50 U/ml. Statistics: One-way-ANOVA and Bonferroni for selected Selonsertib solubility dmso pairs: significant differences

between controls and α-amylase are indicated by asterisk (p < 0.05); Two-way-ANOVA and Bonferroni: significant differences between F344 vs. Lewis and 5 U/ml vs. 50 U/ml are indicated by rhomb (p < 0.05). α-Amylase effects in mammary tumor cells of human origin Mammary cells from human breast tumors were also treated with α-amylase for two days. Similar to differences between F344 and Lewis cells, sensitivity towards salivary α-amylase differed depending on the origin (or source) of the cells. Cells from two different human breast tumor patients were treated with four different concentrations of α-amylase (0.125, 1.25, 12.5, and 125 U/ml). Statistical Vactosertib analysis revealed that cells cultured from one tumor (mammary carcinoma (MaCa) 700 II P2; Figure 4a) showed

significant decreases in cell number after 1.25 and 125 U/ml (-76% and -94.6%). Cells from the other tumor (MaCa 699 II P3; Figure 4b) only significantly responded to the lowest concentration (0.125 U/ml: -90.5%). Figure 4 Determinations of α-amylase effects in different cells of human origin. For two HBCEC cultures, a significantly reduced cell number after α-amylase treatment was demonstrated (n = 2-6; mean and SEM). MaCa 700 responded in a dose-dependent manner (a). Additionally, the SA-β-gal assay was performed in MaCa 700 cells, and the HAS1 proportion of SA-β-gal-positive cells was significantly Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor increased by 125 U/ml α-amylase. The latter parameter showed a tendency for concentration-dependency (Pearson´s correlation coefficient 0.9002; not significant). In MaCa 699 cells, only the lowest concentration caused a significantly decreased cell number (b). Asteriks indicate significant differences vs. control cells (One-way-ANOVA and Bonferroni for selected pairs, p < 0.05). Primary cells from another human breast tumor that had been cultured for 296 days did not respond with a change in cell number.

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