Results: A total of Selleck URMC-099 239 abstracts were screened and 15 studies were identified reporting on 116 procedures. The surgical methods of stone management employed were stone extraction with basket only (n = 55, 47%), laser fragmentation (n = 27, 23%; holmium, n = 20, pulse dye, n = 7), impact lithotripsy (n = 21, 18%), ureteroscopic lithotripsy (n = 6, 5%) and a combination of methods (n = 6, 5%). A post-operative stent was inserted in 64 of 116
procedures (55%). Complete stone clearance was seen in 100 of the 116 procedures (86%). There were 2 major complications (1 ureteral perforation and 1 case of premature uterine contraction) and 7 minor complications (5 urinary tract infections and 2 cases of post-operative pain). Selleck AZD2014 Conclusion: This review suggests that stone clearance using ureteroscopy is a relatively safe option in pregnancy with a high success rate. Copyright (c) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“In this paper, we show that when nanoparticles of Fe3O4 are coated with gold there is a distinct enhancement of magnetization by a factor of six. This increase of magnetization has been attributed to large orbital magnetic moment formation at the magnetic particle/Au (core/shell) interface. Our theoretical analysis indicates that the
enhanced magnetism observed in Fe3O4-Au (core-shell) nanoparticles is an interfacial effect. The origin of magnetism in Au as an interfacial phenomenon is supported by the observation of positive magnetization in citrate coated gold nanoparticles. In citrate coated gold nanoparticles, we observe a crossover from positive magnetization value to negative magnetization value upon increasing magnetic field indicating cancellation of interfacial magnetization by the diamagnetic contribution from the bulk. We propose a theoretical formalism which semi-quantitatively explains our experimental results and supports the origin of magnetization in Au Immunology & Inflammation inhibitor as an interfacial effect. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3596760]“
“Introduction: To investigate the epidemiology of acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs) in children younger than 24 months old with hemodynamically significant congenital heart diseases. Primary aim: incidence
of hospital admission due to ARI. Secondary aims: risk factors, etiologic agents, clinical outcomes, and usefulness of preventive measures.
Patients and Methods: Prospective, multicenter, epidemiologic study conducted in 57 Spanish hospitals covering four 7-month seasons (2004-2008).
Results: A total of 2613 patients were eligible for the study. Three hundred fifty-four patients (13.5%) (95% confidence interval: 12.3-14.9) required a total of 453 hospital admissions. Clinical diagnoses: bronchiolitis (54.1%), upper respiratory tract infection (21%), pneumonia (19.9%), and others (17.4%). Median length of hospital stay: 7.0 days. No etiologic agent was identified in two-thirds of the patients. In the remaining patients either a single agent (26.