“Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of polyaminithiophenol (

“Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of polyaminithiophenol (PATP) were used as a covalent bonded coating for solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Thiolated aniline-analog monomers (mixture of 2- and 3-aminothiophenols, 2/3-ATP) were anchored on the gold surface and then electropolymerized. Due to the strong

S-Au bond, thiol-terminated coating on the gold surface was very stable. The proposed covalent bonded coating showed higher mechanical (re-usability up to 100 times) and thermal stability (up to 320 A degrees C) than non-covalent bonded polyaniline coating (re-usability JQ-EZ-05 in vitro up to 20 times and thermal stability up to 250 A degrees C). The extraction capability of the proposed fiber for

the extraction of five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including phenanthrene, anthracene, pyrene, 9,10-dimethylanthracene and benzo[alpha]anthracene was examined. The effects of different parameters S63845 molecular weight influencing the extraction efficiency of analytes including extraction temperature, extraction time, ionic strength, stirring rate and sample volume were examined and optimized. Linear ranges of 1-250 mu g L(-1) for phenanthrene and anthracene, and 1-100 mu g L(-1) for the other compounds were obtained. Detection limits were in the range of 0.1-0.32 mu g L(-1). Single fiber repeatability and fiber to fiber reproducibility were less than 8.9 and 15.8%, respectively. Seawater sample was analyzed as real sample and good recoveries (81-108%) were obtained for target p38 inhibitors clinical trials analytes.”

(EPO) receptor-mediated endocytosis and degradation in the bone marrow has been hypothesized to be the major clearance pathway of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA). We investigated the role of this pathway in ESA clearance by determining the pharmacokinetic profiles after intravenous (IV) dosing in rats and mice of recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO) and rHuEPO derivatives with different receptor binding activities and biochemical properties. These derivatives included NM385 (no detectable receptor binding activity), hyperglycosylated analogs with different carbohydrate contents and receptor binding activities; (NM294: +1 carbohydrate chain; darbepoetin alfa: +2 carbohydrate chains) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives (PEG-darbepoetin alfa, PEG-rHuFPO and PEG-NM385). After IV administration in rats, NM385 had a mean clearance (CL) similar to rHuEPO. Hyperglycosylated ESAs, compared with rHuEPO, had a progressively longer half-life (t(1/2)) and a progressively slower CL with increasing number of carbohydrates or amount of added PEG that correlated more closely with carbohydrate and/or PEG content than receptor binding activity.

Thus, the IBB domain is a master regulator of nucleocytoplasmic t

Thus, the IBB domain is a master regulator of nucleocytoplasmic transport, whose complex molecular function is only recently beginning to emerge. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Regulation of Signaling and Cellular Fate through Modulation of Nuclear Protein Import. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“The cell surface receptor integrin is involved in signaling mechanical stresses via the focal adhesion complex (FAC) into the cell. Within FAC, the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and Pyk2 are believed to act as

important scaffolding proteins. Based on the knowledge that many signal transducing molecules are transiently immobilized within FAC connecting the cytoskeleton with integrins,

AZD8186 molecular weight we applied magnetic tweezer and atomic force microscopic measurements to determine the influence of FAK and Pyk2 in cells mechanically. Using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF; FAK(+/+), FAK(-/-), and siRNA-Pyk2 treated FAK(-/-) cells) provided a unique opportunity to describe the function of FAK and Pyk2 in more detail and to define their influence on FAC and actin distribution. Published AZD6738 molecular weight by Elsevier Inc.”
“Evaluation of: Chiba S. Baghdadi M. Akiba H et al. Tumor-infiltrating DCs suppress nucleic acid-mediated innate immune responses through interactions between the receptor TIM-3 and the alarmin HMGB1. Nat. Immunol. 13, 832-842 (2012). The identification of TIM-3 expression on tumor-associated dendritic cells (TADCs) provides insight into another aspect of tumor-mediated immunosuppression. The role of TIM-3 has been well characterized on tumor-infiltrating T cells; however, its role on TADCs was not previously known. The current paper demonstrated that TIM-3 was predominantly expressed by TADCs GSK1210151A datasheet and its interaction with the nuclear protein HMGB1 suppressed nucleic acid-mediated activation of an effective antitumor immune response. The authors were able to show that TIM-3 interaction with HMGB1 prevented the localization

of nucleic acids into endosomal vesicles. Furthermore, chemotherapy was found to be more effective in anti-TIM-3 monoclonal antibody-treated mice or mice depleted of all DCs, which indicated that a significant role is played by TADCs in inhibiting tumor regression. Taken together, these findings identify TIM-3 as a potential target for inducing antitumor immunity in conjunction with DNA vaccines and/or immunogenic chemotherapy in clinical settings.”
“A two-year-old dog having presented with neurological signs showed marked leukocytosis and appearance of blast cells in the peripheral blood. Hematological and bone marrow examination showed an increase in blasts having both myeloid and monocytic cells characteristics.

Investigating further, we found that activated NK cells with miR-

Investigating further, we found that activated NK cells with miR-155 overexpression had increased per-cell IFN-gamma with normal IFN-gamma(+) percentages, whereas greater percentages

of miR-155(-/-) NK cells were IFN-gamma(+). In vivo murine JQ-EZ-05 clinical trial CMV-induced IFN-gamma expression by NK cells in these miR-155 models recapitulated the in vitro phenotypes. We performed unbiased RNA-induced silencing complex sequencing on wild-type and miR-155(-/-) NK cells and found that mRNAs targeted by miR-155 were enriched in NK cell activation signaling pathways. Using specific inhibitors, we confirmed these pathways were mechanistically involved in regulating IFN-gamma production by miR-155(-/-) NK cells. These data indicate that miR-155 regulation of NK cell activation is complex and that miR-155 functions as a dynamic tuner for NK cell activation via both setting the activation threshold as well as controlling the extent of activation in mature NK cells. In summary, miR-155(-/-) NK cells are more easily activated, through increased expression of proteins in the PI3K, NF-kappa B, and calcineurin pathways, and miR-155(-/-) and 155-overexpressing NK cells exhibit increased IFN-gamma production through distinct cellular mechanisms.”
“The oral cavity harbors JPH203 mouse a diverse community of microbes that

are physiologically unique. Oral microbes that exist in this polymicrobial environment can be pathogenic or beneficial to the host. Numerous oral microbes contribute to the formation of dental caries and periodontitis; however, there is little understanding of the role these microbes play in systemic infections. There is mounting evidence that suggests that oral commensal streptococci are cocolonized with Pseudomonas aeruginosa during cystic fibrosis pulmonary infections and Bafilomycin A1 Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor that the presence of these oral streptococci contributes to improved lung

function. The goal of this study was to examine the underlying mechanism by which Streptococcus parasanguinis antagonizes pathogenic P. aeruginosa. In this study, we discovered that oral commensal streptococci, including Streptococcus parasanguinis, Streptococcus sanguinis, and Streptococcus gordonii, inhibit the growth of P. aeruginosa and that this inhibition is mediated by the presence of nitrite and the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by oral streptococci. The requirement of both H2O2 and nitrite for the inhibition of P. aeruginosa is due to the generation of reactive nitrogenous intermediates (RNI), including peroxynitrite. Transposon mutagenesis showed that a P. aeruginosa mutant defective in a putative ABC transporter permease is resistant to both streptococcus/nitrite-and peroxynitrite-mediated killing. Furthermore, S. parasanguinis protects Drosophila melanogaster from killing by P. aeruginosa in a nitrite-dependent manner.

Here, we show that sensory functions can be restored in the adult

Here, we show that sensory functions can be restored in the adult mouse if avulsed sensory fibers are bridged with the spinal cord by human neural progenitor (hNP) transplants. Responses to peripheral mechanical sensory stimulation were significantly improved in transplanted animals. Transganglionic

tracing showed host sensory axons only in the spinal cord dorsal horn of treated animals. Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed that sensory fibers had grown through the bridge and showed selleck compound robust survival and differentiation of the transplants. Section of the repaired dorsal roots distal to the transplant completely abolished the behavioral improvement. This demonstrates that hNP transplants promote recovery of sensorimotor functions after dorsal root avulsion, and that these effects are mediated by spinal ingrowth of host sensory axons. These results provide a rationale www.selleckchem.com/products/Neratinib(HKI-272).html for the development of novel stem cell-based strategies for functionally useful bridging of

the peripheral and central nervous system.”
“Naturally occurring CD4(+)CD25(high)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) constitute a powerful mechanism of immune regulation and therefore, have important therapeutic potential for disorders such as autoimmune diseases, allograft rejection and graft-versus-host disease. Disruption of the IL-2R signalling pathway by genetic defects of the interleukin (IL)-2 gene or components of the IL-2 receptor (R) complex results in severe T cell-mediated autoimmunity rather than immunodeficiency, indicating a crucial role for IL-2R signalling

for Treg development and function. Signalling downstream of the IL-2R can act through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR pathway, the Janus kinase (JAK)/Signal transducers and Activators of Transcription (STAT) pathway and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. In this report we focus on the relevance of these pathways as well as the impact of immunosuppressive drugs that may affect or enhance SN-38 molecular weight Treg function by targeting IL-2R signalling.”
“Natural killer (NK) cells have killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) that recognize and interact with HLA class I antigen. The KIRs are a multigene family and its members are often highly polymorphic. Evidence is emerging from disease-association studies that KIR receptors can play beneficial roles in viral infections, such as HIV, HCV, but may also predispose to certain autoimmune diseases. Knowledge regarding expression and function of KIR on human NK cells is lagging behind the rapid expansion of sequencing and genetic data already generated. This review focuses on recent discoveries that have been made, which help bridge this gap.

The model is validated using experimental data Extensive simulat

The model is validated using experimental data. Extensive simulations are performed to study the complicated interactions between multi-physics transport processes and chemical/electrochemical reactions. The results elucidate the fundamental mechanisms of direct H2S

fueled SOFCs. It is found that suitably increasing the H2O content in the supplied H2S fuel can improve SOFC electrochemical performance; high operating temperature may facilitate the reforming of H2S and improve the electrochemical buy PD173074 performance. The sulfur poisoning effect may be mitigated by increasing the H2O content in the fuel, increasing the operating temperature, decreasing the flow rate, and/or making the cell work at low voltage (or high current) conditions.”
“In mammalian cell culture, single-use bioreactors are widely used. Different hardware designs are available, ranging from stirred tank reactors to wave GSK2399872A manufacturer mixed and cubical shaken systems. Unlike in stainless steel systems, where standards exist, in single-use bioreactors aeration devices are often predefined by the supplier. While ring sparger systems are the gold standard in stainless steel bioreactors, not all single-use bioreactors are available with ring spargers. In this study, a comprehensive characterization of two stirred tank single-use bioreactor systems (XDR (TM) from

Xcellerex and S.U.B. from Thermo Scientific Hyclone) was performed under GMP conditions with 200/250 L and 1000 L bioreactors. Engineering facts like mass transfer rates for oxygen k(L)a(o2) and carbon dioxide k(L)aCO(2) as well as mixing number were evaluated. To achieve improved similarity VEGFR inhibitor in key engineering parameters and in consequence cell culture performance, the submerse aeration device of the S.U.B. (to date only open tube and frit) was remodeled resulting in a drilled hole sparger design. Results of the characterization showed that k(L)a(o2) in the S.U.B. was enhanced from 8.5 h(-1) to 11.5 h(-1) at the maximum, and the k(L)aCO(2) was very similar between both bioreactor types. Knowledge of the characterization data as well as improved

oxygen transfer rate in the S.U.B. allows for an interchangeable usage of the two different single-use bioreactors.”
“Context: Children with calcium-deficiency rickets have high 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D values.\n\nObjective: The objective of the study was to determine whether vitamin D increased calcium absorption.\n\nDesign: This was an experimental study.\n\nSetting: The study was conducted at a teaching hospital.\n\nParticipants: Participants included 17 children with nutritional rickets.\n\nIntervention: The participants were randomized to 1.25 mg oral vitamin D-3 (n = 8) or vitamin D-2 (n = 9).\n\nMain Outcome Measure: Fractional calcium absorption 3 da after vitamin D administration was measured.\n\nResults: Mean baseline 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were 20 ng/ml (range 5-31 ng/ml).

Many bacterial infections involve biofilms which protect bacteria

Many bacterial infections involve biofilms which protect bacteria from host defenses and antibiotics. To gain insight into the genetics of biofilm formation by S. pneumoniae, we conducted an in vitro screen for biofilm-altered mutants with the serotype 4 clinical isolate TIGR4. In a first screen of 6,000 mariner transposon mutants, we repeatedly isolated biofilm-overproducing acapsular mutants, suggesting that the capsule was antagonistic to biofilm formation. Therefore, we screened 6,500 additional transposon mutants in an

S. pneumoniae acapsular background. Following this approach, we isolated click here 69 insertions in 49 different genes. The collection of mutants includes genes encoding bona fide and putative choline binding proteins, adhesins, synthases of membrane and cell wall components, extracellular and cell wall proteases, efflux pumps, ABC and PTS transporters, and transcriptional regulators, as well as several conserved and novel hypothetical proteins. Interestingly, while

four insertions mapped to rrgA, encoding a subunit of a recently described surface pilus, rrgB and rrgC ( encoding the other two pilus subunits) mutants had no biofilm defects, implicating the RrgA adhesin but not the pilus structure per se in biofilm formation. To correlate our findings to the process of colonization, we transferred a set of 29 mutations into the wild-type encapsulated strain and then tested the fitness of the mutants in vivo. Strikingly, AZD8055 nmr we found that 23 of these mutants were impaired BIIB057 for nasopharyngeal colonization, thus establishing a link between biofilm formation and colonization.”
“A growing body of experimental evidence supports the hypothesis that the 3D structure of chromatin in the nucleus is closely linked to important functional processes, including DNA replication and gene regulation. In support of this hypothesis, several research groups have examined sets of functionally associated genomic loci, with the aim of determining whether those loci are statistically significantly colocalized. This work presents a

critical assessment of two previously reported analyses, both of which used genome-wide DNA-DNA interaction data from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and both of which rely upon a simple notion of the statistical significance of colocalization. We show that these previous analyses rely upon a faulty assumption, and we propose a correct non-parametric resampling approach to the same problem. Applying this approach to the same data set does not support the hypothesis that transcriptionally coregulated genes tend to colocalize, but strongly supports the colocalization of centromeres, and provides some evidence of colocalization of origins of early DNA replication, chromosomal breakpoints and transfer RNAs.

Protein-enriched diets resulted in reduced longevity under labora

Protein-enriched diets resulted in reduced longevity under laboratory and field conditions. Flies

exposed to a combination of sugar and fresh mango fruit pulp showed greater longevity and field survival. Release-recapture experiments showed that this mango plus sugar diet resulted in the greatest trap capture and the longest life expectancy when compared with the other treatments. Per cent recapture ranged from 0.24% to 17.50%. More females than males were recaptured. Spatial distribution was not affected by diet treatment, sex or replicate, but was affected by environmental conditions, such as vegetation cover or shade in the case of A.ludens S63845 or prevalent winds in the case of A.obliqua. Our results confirm the trade-offs between better mating performance and reduced survival produced by protein-rich diets and suggest fresh mango fruits, their products or derivates as an alternative AC220 supplier to be developed to overcome this problem for sterile insect technique programmes.”

many abused and neglected children are being overlooked by GPs and other professionals who are in contact with the families. Some suggestions for a definition of ‘a child in need’ have been given, but the functionality of these definitions has not been tested in general practice.\n\nAim\n\nTo describe the problems presented by GPs as cases with children in need during supervision, and from here to suggest an empirically-based definition of a child in need in general. practice.\n\nDesign of study\n\nA mixed-method evaluation design was used.\n\nSetting\n\nTwenty-one GPs, in Denmark, participated in supervision groups concerning cases with children in need in general practice.\n\nMethod\n\nThe data were analysed via field notes and video recordings; case categorisation into sex, ethnicity, and developmental stages; thematically using the GPs’ own descriptions; and a theoretically supported style.\n\nResults\n\nAnalysis of the data led to the suggested definition of a case concerning ‘a child in need’ in general practice as

one that directly or indirectly involves problems with a specific child, an as-yet unborn child, or one or both parents of a family currently or potentially threatening the wellbeing of the family or the child.\n\nConclusion\n\nBased on see more this analysis, one suggestion as to why some abused and neglected children are overlooked in general practice is that GPs often have to navigate in difficult indirect consultations, where there is a high risk of losing the overview.”
“The phylogeny of the class Actinobacteria remains controversial, essentially because it is very sensitive to the choice of dataset and phylogenetic methods. We used a test proposed recently, based on complete genome data, which chooses among candidate species phylogenies based on the number of lateral gene transfers (LGT) needed to explain the diversity of histories among gene trees for a set of genomes.

Improvements in surgical experience of liver transplantation (OLT

Improvements in surgical experience of liver transplantation (OLT), hepatic resection and preservation with sub-normothermic machine perfusion (MP) have prompted the development of a new model of large animal autotransplantation.\n\nMethods. Landrace pigs were used in this experiment. After intubation, hepatectomy was performed according to the classic technique. The intrahepatic caval vein was replaced with a homologous tract of porcine thoracic aorta. The liver was perfused with hypothermic Celsior solution followed by MP at 20 degrees C with oxygenated Krebs solution. An click here hepatectomy was performed during the period of preservation, which lasted 120 minutes, then the

liver was reimplanted into the same animal in a 90

degrees counterclockwise rotated position. The anastomoses were performed in the classic sequence. Samples of intravascular fluid, blood and liver biopsies were obtained at the end of the period of preservation in MP and again at 1 and 3 hours after liver reperfusion to evaluate graft function and microscopic damage.\n\nResults. All animals survived the procedure. The peak of aspartate aminotransferase was recorded 60 minutes after reperfusion and the peak of alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase after 180 minutes. Histopathologic examination under the light microscope identified no necrosis or congestion. Intraoperative echo-color Doppler documented good patency of the SNX-5422 datasheet anastomosis and normal venous drainage.\n\nConclusion. This system made it possible to perform hepatic resections and vascular reconstructions ex situ while preserving the organ with mechanical perfusion (ex vivo, ex situ surgery). Improving surgical techniques regarding autotransplantation and our understanding of ischemia reperfusion damage may enable the development of interesting scenarios for aggressive surgical treatment or radiochemotherapy options to treat primary and secondary liver tumors CP-868596 solubility dmso unsuitable for conventional

in situ surgery.”
“The elucidation of the molecular bases of a number of Mendelian disorders with primary effect on blood pressure has enabled improved recognition and diagnosis of these rare disorders. Prompt diagnosis can be a vital and perhaps lifesaving component of care for patients who present with unexplained and perhaps familial hypertension or hypotension. Formal diagnosis of these disorders may require DNA sequencing, which often is not immediately available. Here, clinical clues enabling diagnosis of these various disorders are reviewed. Semin Nephrol 30:387-394 (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc.”
“We investigated the protective effect and mechanism of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) on rats ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) renal injury. Eighteen Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into three groups.

In euploid pregnancies, regression analysis was used to determine

In euploid pregnancies, regression analysis was used to determine the association between D1, D2 and PFSR with gestational age (GA). D1 and D2 were expressed as delta (Delta) values with gestational age. Delta D1, Delta D2 and PFSR in cases and controls were compared. Results: In trisomy-21, compared to controls, Delta D1 was increased (1.417 vs. 0.000 mm, p < 0.0001), Delta D2 was decreased SNDX-275 (-0.842 vs. 0.000 mm, p = 0.003) and PFSR was increased (0.753 vs. 0.463, p < 0.0001).

At a false-positive rate of 5%, the detection rates in screening by Delta D1, Delta D2 and PSFR were 80.0% (95% Cl 65.4-90.4), 46.7% (95% Cl 31.7-62.1) and 100.0% (95% Cl 92.1-100.0), respectively. Conclusion: The PFSR is an effective marker in second-trimester screening for trisomy-21. Copyright (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Background: In some situations, practice guidelines do not provide firm evidence-based guidance regarding COPD treatment choices, especially when large trials have failed to identify subgroups of particularly good or poor responders to available medications.\n\nMethods: This observational

cross-sectional study explored the yield of four types of multidimensional analyses to assess the associations between the clinical characteristics of COPD patients and pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments prescribed by lung specialists in a real-life context.\n\nResults: GSK2126458 supplier Altogether, 2494 patients were recruited by 515 respiratory physicians. Multiple

correspondence analysis and hierarchical Elafibranor molecular weight clustering identified 6 clinical subtypes and 6 treatment subgroups. Strong bi-directional associations were found between clinical subtypes and treatment subgroups in multivariate logistic regression. However, although the overall frequency of prescriptions varied from one clinical subtype to the other for all types of pharmacological treatments, clinical subtypes were not associated with specific prescription profiles. When canonical analysis of redundancy was used, the proportion of variation in pharmacological treatments that was explained by clinical characteristics remained modest: 6.23%. This proportion was greater (14.29%) for non-pharmacological components of care.\n\nConclusion: This study shows that, although pharmacological treatments of COPD are quantitatively very well related to patients’ clinical characteristics, there is no particular patient profile that could be qualitatively associated to prescriptions. This underlines uncertainties perceived by physicians for differentiating the respective effects of available pharmacological treatments. The methodology applied here is useful to identify areas of uncertainty requiring further research and/or guideline clarification.”

Moreover, a twofold increase in the number of tyrosine hydroxylas

Moreover, a twofold increase in the number of tyrosine hydroxylase positive (TH+) cells is observed after in vivo injection of PACAP6-38. NURR1, a transcription factor associated with the differentiation

of dopaminergic cells in the CNS, is present in the chick retina in all developmental stages studied. The presence of NURR1 positive cells in the mature tissue far exceeds the number of TH+ cells, suggesting that these NURR1-positive cells might have the potential to express the dopaminergic phenotype. Our data show that if PACAP signaling is increased in mature retinas, plastic changes in dopaminergic phenotype can be achieved.”
“The identification of the molecular mechanisms involved in nicotine addiction and its cognitive consequences is a worldwide priority for public health. Novel in vivo paradigms were developed to match this aim. Although GSK2879552 mTOR target the beta 2 subunit of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) has been shown to play a crucial role in mediating the reinforcement properties of nicotine, little is known about the contribution of the different alpha subunit partners of beta 2 (i.e., alpha 4 and alpha 6), the homo-pentameric alpha 7, and the brain areas other than the ventral tegmental area (VTA)

involved in nicotine reinforcement. In this study, nicotine (8.7-52.6 mu g free base/kg/inf) self-administration was investigated

with drug-naive mice deleted (KO) for the beta 2, alpha 4, alpha 6 and alpha 7 subunit genes, their wild-type (WT) controls, and KO mice in which the corresponding nAChR subunit was selectively re-expressed using a lentiviral vector (VEC mice). We show that WT mice, beta 2-VEC mice with the beta 2 subunit re-expressed exclusively in the VTA, alpha 4-VEC mice with selective alpha 4 re-expression in the VTA, alpha 6-VEC mice with selective alpha 6 re-expression in the VTA, and alpha 7-KO mice promptly self-administer nicotine intravenously, whereas beta 2-KO, beta 2-VEC in the substantia nigra, alpha 4-KO and alpha 6-KO mice do not URMC-099 purchase respond to nicotine. We thus define the necessary and sufficient role of alpha 4 beta 2- and alpha 6 beta 2-subunit containing nicotinic receptors (alpha 4 beta 2*- and alpha 6 beta 2*-nAChRs), but not alpha 7*-nAChRs, present in cell bodies of the VTA, and their axons, for systemic nicotine reinforcement in drug-naive mice.”
“Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD), previously described as Parkinsonian syndromes are also cognitive disorders, and biologically related to the frontotemporal dementia or Pick’s disease PSP and CBD overlap clinically, pathologically and genetically, sharing tau haplotypes and mutations In our series of CBD/PSP patients with cognitive presentation (n = 36).