37b [96.92–114.47] 97.29 [97.06–97.42] NG naso-gastric, PUR polyurethane, PVC polyvinylchloride a Average of three experiments b Average of five experiments An acceptable level of recovery was reported for the 90- and 180-mg doses for both routes of administration. For the 90-mg dose, silicone NG tubes provided a mean recovery of 101 % (mean range 97–115 %), whereas PUR NG tubes provided a mean recovery of 100 % (mean range 95–104 %) and PVC NG tubes provided a mean recovery of 99 % (mean
range 98–101 %). The results for the 180-mg dose for all three types of NG tube were similar (mean range 97–98 %) as were results for the 90- and 180-mg crushed oral doses (mean range 98–100 %). Recovery Selleck CP690550 across administration methods was higher for the 90-mg doses of ticagrelor, compared with the 180-mg doses. There were no signs of degradation (i.e., any individual degradation product <0.2 % weight/weight [w/w] and total degradation products <0.5 % w/w) in the 90- and 180-mg suspensions of ticagrelor when retained in a syringe for up to 2 h. 5 Discussion The recommended treatment for ACS is dual antiplatelet therapy, and while it is effective [9, 15–17], it is often challenging to administer the indicated dose to patients who have difficulty
swallowing. An alternative method of oral administration, which circumvents the need to swallow whole tablets, would provide an alternative option for these patients. Results from the current study demonstrated that crushed tablets prepared to emulate selleck chemical oral or NG tube administration may provide patients with an acceptable method of delivery of their ticagrelor dose. Results were uniform for each route of delivery and for all three types of NG tubes, and demonstrated greater than 97 % mean recoverability of the original dose. Release testing Staurosporine nmr demonstrated that the 90-mg ticagrelor tablets exhibited acceptable content uniformity (acceptance value = 4.07, individual tablet assay range 98.6–104.6 %). This variability in individual tablet content uniformity may have contributed to the relatively high individual dose recovery value
reported (114.47 %, Table 1). The NG tubes investigated in this study were selected to ensure MGCD0103 datasheet compatibility with a range of tube materials used in current clinical practice. Due to its small internal diameter relative to other available tubes, the size of tube chosen for this study (CH10) was considered to be worst-case with respect to blockage or accumulation of material; therefore, tubes of equivalent or greater size can potentially be used for this method of administration. Suspensions of ticagrelor held for up to 2 h in the syringe did not show signs of degradation in this study. This may be an important factor in clinical practice, as the amount of time required to prepare and administer a crushed dose of ticagrelor to a patient should fall well within this timespan.