Table 1 Clinical characteristics of 60 patients Total (n = 60) Age Median, years 62.5 Range 38-84 Gender Female 39 (65.0%) Male 21 (35.0%) Smoking history Nonsmoker 43 (71.7%) Ex-smoker 11 (18.3%) Current smoker 6 (10.0%) WHO Performance status Normal activity 23 (38.3%) https://www.selleckchem.com/products/dorsomorphin-2hcl.html Restricted activity 27 (45.0%) In bed < 50% of the time 9 (15.0%) In bed > 50% of the time 1 (1.7%) Tumor histology ADC 53 (88.3%) SQC 3 (5.0%) LCC 1 (1.7%) NSCLC NOS 2 (3.3%) Others 1 (1.7%) Stage IIIA 3 (5.0%) IIIB 4 (6.7%) IV 53 (88.3%) Abbreviations: ADC adenocarcinoma, SQC squamous cell carcinoma, LCC large cell carcinoma,
NSCLC NOS non-small cell lung cancer not otherwise specified. Detection of EGFR mutations in plasma EGFR mutations were identified ARN-509 nmr in 10/60 (16.7%) plasma samples by PNA testing. Of these, seven (70.0%) were in-frame deletions within exon 19 and three (30.0%) were arginine-to-leucine substitutions at amino acid 858 in exon 21 (L858R) (Table 2). After 2 months of treatment, a repetition of the test in EGFR mutation-positive patients showed that none had EGFR mutations. Table 2 EGFR mutational status in plasma DNA samples Positive Negative EGFR Apoptosis inhibitor mutation EGFR mutation (n = 10) (n = 50) Exon 19 deletion 7 (70.0%) – Exon 21 point mutation 3 (30.0%) – Comparison of matched tumor sequencing and plasma EGFR mutations To evaluate the accuracy
of the results of the PNA test, we compared plasma EGFR mutations with tumor sequencing in 40 paired donor-matched plasma and tumor tissue specimens. EGFR mutations were detected in the plasma samples of six (15.0%) patients, including four deletions in exon 19 and two point mutations in exon 21. In the donor-matched tumor tissues, 35 mutations
were detected (87.5%) by using direct sequencing, including 18 in exon 19 and 17 in exon 21. Of the patients with plasma EGFR mutations, mutations of identical exon site were detected in the matched tumor tissues (Table 3). Resveratrol Table 3 EGFR mutational status in the paired specimens of plasma and tumor tissue N = 40 Plasma EGFR mutation Positive Negative Tissue EGFR mutation positive 6 29 negative 0 5 Correlation between EGFR mutation status assessed by PNA-mediated real-time PCR clamping and clinical features EGFR mutations in plasma were detected more frequently in females (17.9% vs. 14.3% in male), non-smokers (18.6% vs. 11.8% in current/former smokers) and patients with stage IIIB disease (25.0% vs. 17.0% in stage IV). In addition, the overall mutation detection rate at the institute at which the central laboratory was located, and where sample processing did not require shipment, was relatively higher than that at the other institutes (23.8% vs. 12.8%); however, there were no statistically significant differences between the number of patients with EGFR mutations in plasma and those without (Table 4).