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Carbon 2004,42(12–13):2641–2648. 10.1016/j.carbon.2004.06.003CrossRef 20. Zhang J, Jin L, Li Y, Si H, Qiu B, Hu H: Hierarchical porous carbon catalyst for simultaneous

preparation of hydrogen and fibrous carbon by catalytic methane decomposition. Int J Hydrog Energy 2013,38(21):8732–8740. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.05.012CrossRef buy MDV3100 21. Patel N, Bazzanella RFN, Miotello A: Enhanced Hydrogen Production by Hydrolysis of NaBH4 Using “Co-B nanoparticles supported on Carbon film” Catalyst Synthesized by Pulsed Laser Deposition. Elsevier, Catalysis Today 170; 2011:20–26. 22. Fantini C, Jorio A, Souza M, Strano MS, Dresselhaus MS, Pimenta MA: Optical transition energies for carbon nanotubes from resonant Raman spectroscopy: environment and temperature effects. Phys Rev Lett 2004,93(14):147406.CrossRef Competing interests The selleck compound Authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions EA carried out the experimental study as well as data collection and analysis, and drafted the manuscript. AE contributed in performing the experiment and also checked the language coherence and technical accuracy of the manuscript. MTA provided the fundamental knowledge and supervised the process and procedure of the experimental study.

He also checked for technical and scientific errors.AN applied some optimizing IACS-10759 purchase modifications in the programming of the simulation study and also collaborated in the final proofreading. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Nanotechnology has the potential to create many new devices with a wide range of applications in the fields of medicine [1], electronics [2], and energy production [3]. The increased surface area-to-volume ratios and quantum size effects are the properties that make these materials potential candidates for device applications. These properties can control optical properties such as absorption, fluorescence, and light scattering. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is one of the famous metal oxide

semiconductors with a wide bandgap (3.36 eV) and large excitation binding energy. These special characteristics make it suitable to use in many applications, such as cancer treatments [4], optical coating [5], Vasopressin Receptor solar cells [3], and gas sensors [6]. In fact, doping, morphology, and crystallite size play an important role on the optical and electrical properties of ZnO nanostructures, which can be controlled by methods of the nanostructure growth. Therefore, many methods have been created to prepare ZnO nanostructures including sol–gel [7], precipitation [8], combustion [9], microwave [10], solvothermal [11], spray pyrolysis [12], hydrothermal [13, 14], ultrasonic [15], and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) [16, 17]. As mentioned above, the doping of ZnO with selective elements offers an effective method to enhance and control its electrical and optical properties.

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