Internal Review Board waived the need of ethical approval
due to the nature of the study. And the the aim of this research is to conduct an in-depth investigation into road accidents that have generated severe injuries (major trauma and potential ones) in the metropolitan area of Florence, and to reconstruct the causes and the mechanisms of the injuries. Moreover, the study aims to collect information regarding the disabilities sustained by the injured in order to evaluate their social costs, and also to determine what changes and improvements Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical to vehicle design might mitigate or prevent these injuries in the future. To this purpose, a network of physicians, statisticians and engineers Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical was established to link environmental data acquired on the scene of the accident with crash parameters and clinical information about the injuries. The study selected all the road
accidents where at least one of the persons involved was admitted to the ICU with a diagnosis of major trauma, i.e. an ISS greater than 15. None dead on-scene or in the ER case were collected in this study. The working team, named In-SAFE team, is composed by ICU physicians, engineers and statisticians. Sampling area and representatives The road accidents analyzed in this study were Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical in the metropolitan area of the city of Florence. This area is made up of nine municipalities, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical covers a surface of 466 km2, with a population of approximately 604.000 people (Figure 1). The sampling
area is mainly composed by urban zones and in small part by extra urban areas. Figure 1 Sampling Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical area. Since 2005, the trauma network of the Tuscan Region has organized the ICU, which works on major trauma through the hub/spoke system. For the Province of Florence, the hub hospital of reference is the Careggi Teaching Hospital which receives all major traumas of patients that are more than 16 years old. In 2010, Florence was the province with highest number of road accidents and injured in Vasopressin Receptor Tuscany (Figure 2). Sixty-five percent of the major traumas in Tuscany were caused by road accidents, and only 3% of these occurred on c-Met inhibitor highways. The access for major trauma to the ER of the Careggi Teaching Hospital confirms the regional trend (Figure 3). Therefore, the metropolitan area selected should ensure that the distribution of the sample is similar to the TTR. Figure 2 Number of road accidents and injured in Tuscany for 2010. Figure 3 Number of major trauma in Tuscany and at the Careggi University Hospital for 2010. An in-depth multidisciplinary investigation With the cooperation of the police forces, the In-SAFE team acquires general information about: the crash scene, e.g.