≡ Sphaeria sepincola Fr. [as ‘saepincola’], Observ. mycol. (Havniae) 1: 181 (1815). Saccothecium is characterized this website by its subglobose, immersed to erumpent ascomata, absence of pseudoparaphyses and hyaline, muriform to phragmosporous ascospores. It has been assigned to the Dothioraceae
(Barr 1987b; Müller and von Arx 1950). Molecular phylogenetic analysis indicated that a strain named S. sepincola nested within Didymellaceae (Schoch et al. 2009; Plate 1). The generic type needs recollecting, redescribing and epitypifying. Setosphaeria K.J. Leonard & Suggs, Mycologia 66: 294 (1974). Type species: Setosphaeria turcica (Luttr.) K.J. Leonard & Suggs, Mycologia 66: 295 (1974). ≡ Trichometasphaeria turcica Luttr., Phytopathology 48: 282 (1958). Setosphaeria was segregated from Keissleriella on the basis of lacking a clypeus, lysigenous development of the ostiole, occurrence of setae on the perithecial wall, the absence of periphyses in the ostiole, and the hyphomycetous conidial states, and four species were included, i.e. S. prolata, S. holmii, S. pedicellata (R.R. Nelson) K.J. Leonard & Suggs and S. turcica (Leonard and Suggs 1974). Currently, nine species are included in Setosphaeria
(http://www.mycobank.org, check details Jan/2011). Setosphaeria monoceras Alcorn nested within Pleosporaceae based on multigene phylogenetic analysis (Schoch et al. 2009; Plate 1). Syncarpella Theiss. & Syd., Annls mycol. 13: 631 (1915). Type species: Syncarpella tumefaciens (Ellis & Harkn.)
Theiss. & Syd., Annls mycol. 13(5/6): 633 (1915). ≡ Sphaeria tumefaciens Ellis & Harkn., J. Mycol. 2: 41 (1886). Syncarpella was introduced by Theissen and Sydow (1915) as a genus of Montagnellaceae within Dothideales. A detailed description of S. tumefaciens can be seen in Barr and Boise (1989). Syncarpella was considered closely related to Leptosphaeria, and was treated as a synonym (Clements and Shear 1931). Syncarpella is characterized by its abundant globose, ovoid to turbinate ascomata with minute papillae which are seated on a common basal stroma and which are erumpent through fissures in the host tissues (Barr and Boise 1989). The peridium is thicker at the base, pseudoparaphyses are cellular, and asci are bitunicate, Ribonucleotide reductase clavate to oblong with a furcate pedicel. selleck chemicals Ascospores are pale brown to brown, oblong to narrowly obovoid, ends obtuse, transversely septate, smooth-walled. All these characters fit Cucurbitariaceae, where Barr and Boise (1989) transferred Syncarpella. Teichospora Fuckel, Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23–24: 160 (1870) [1869–70]. Type species: Teichospora trabicola Fuckel, Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23–24: 161 (1870) [1869–70]. Teichospora was introduced by Fuckel (1870), and was typified by T. trabicola, with four more species included, i.e. T. brevirostris Fuckel, T. dura Fuckel, T. morthieri Fuckel and T. obducens (Schumach.) Fuckel. Only T. brevirostris and T. trabicola were kept in Teichospora (Barr 1987b).